Mild painless skin diseases.
Babies have a very sensitive skin, therefore, your baby may occasionally face skin diseases that may appear like; rashes, welts, or bumps. Most of these skin diseases are not dangerous, but they do cause some irritation and the treatments are easy too. You should be able to visually recognize each one of these skin ailments. Once you see any such symptoms, you should not get worried, however, you will surely need to consult the baby’s doctor before beginning any kind of treatment.
There is no worm involved in causing a ringworm disease. It is actually a kind of fungus that emerges on dead skin cells, nail tissues or hair. It initially appears as a scaly red bump or patch, and develops into a blistery red ring that itches. Ringworm is transmittable through skin-to-skin contact between two people or even through a pet. You can avoid it by having separate towels for each family member. It is usually treated by applying creams with anti-fungal properties.
Fifth disease is the name given to a highly contagious but usually mild skin disorder which gets cured in less then 2 weeks. It begins with symptoms that resemble flu. It gives your infant a bright face, followed by a body rash. It spreads through coughing or sneezing. The patient usually infects other before the appearance of the rash. It can be treated by a bed rest, extra intake of liquids, and pain relieving syrups. (Children should not be given Aspirin. In case you become pregnant again, while your baby suffers from Fifth Disease you must contact the doctor.
In most cases, Warts are harmless, skin growths that donot cause any pain. It is triggered by a kind of virus. It can usually spread through personal contact or sharing garments. This skin growth is mostly found on fingers and hands. Spreading of Warts can be prevented by telling your children not to pinch on a wart, as the virus then reaches the mouth through nail biting habits in children. Warts must be kept well covered with bandages, till the time it goes away naturally. Mostly it heals without any treatment.
Heat Rash (‘Prickly Heat’)
In summers, when excessive sweating blocks the pores and ducts on the skin, heat rashes appear that resemble tiny pimples, red or pink in color. These can be seen on the baby’s head and neck, or even shoulders. Also known as “Prickly heat”, this rash will also appear if the parents dress the baby in garments that are too warm for the season. However, it can happen to anyone in the hot summers, thus the baby’s clothing should have only one layer more than the mommy’s dress, to maintain a comfortable body temperature. To check whether the warmth of the baby’s dress is accurate, just touch the baby’s hands and feet, to see if the body feels cool.
The skins on some babies go through a reaction after touching some unsuitable; materials, chemicals, foods, soap, or certain plant species, including; poison ivy or oak. This may also cause a rash within hours. This reaction may vary from mild redness or tiny red bumps forming a rash, to a severe case where the skin may get swollen with large blisters. In most cases, such a rash will go away within a week or two, once there is no more contact with the reactive material. It is very important to identify the irritant material or plant, to avoid such infection in future.
“Coxsakie” or the “Hand-Foot-Mouth” Disease
The name of this disease may appear really scary, however it is a very mild and common childhood illness. The initial symptom is fever, which leads to mouth sores, pain and non-itchy rashes. Rashes and blisters may appear on hands, feet, legs or buttocks. Coughing and sneezing or contact with used diapers may cause the spreading of Coxsakie. Frequent washing of hands helps avoid this ailment. Coxsackie is not serious, so it will mostly be cured within a week without any treatment.
Kids having other allergies and asthma are usually more prone to eczema. There is some uncertainty regarding the actual cause of this skin disease. However, usually the kids with sensitive immune systems are more likely to suffer from Eczema. If the infant feels intense and continuous itching on any part of the body, with dryness of skin and a raised or marked rash, it is Eczema. The most common type of Eczema is known as “Atopic dermatitis”. Many children face lesser chances of having Eczema, as they grow in age, others may remain prone to milder eczema.
Roseola (Sixth Disease)
This mild illness – Roseola, has been given this nickname – “Sixth Disease” because it appears like the six most common childhood rashes. If your kid is aged 6 months to 2 years, he is prone to suffer from Roseola. However the chances of catching Roseola are minimized once the kid crosses the age of 4 year. The initial symptom is a cold, which causes high fever for a few days (Dangerous as it may cause seizures). Once the fever ends, some tiny, pink, rashes or bumps appears. The first rashes usually appear on the chest and back, which later spreads to the hands and feet of the baby.
If your baby suffers from one of these diseases, the mother doesnot need to panic. She should just observe closely and evaluate the baby’s condition thoroughly. If conditions persist for more than a few days, consult the pediatrician.