What are causes of Colic and its treatment?
Colic is defined as well as identified by excessive crying or baby is fussier.
As general rule of thumb and very commonly persist, baby goes through a Colic period when they abnormally cry or become fussy and it looks something is irritating baby. It is comparative and different, some are fussier than other baby and they are referred as colicky.
Baby colic (also known as infantile colic) is defined as episodes of crying for more than three hours a day for more than three days a week for three weeks in an otherwise healthy child between the ages of two weeks and four months. (1)
Crying associated with a baby’s colic can cause relationship stress, breastfeeding failure, postpartum depression, excess visits to the doctor, and child abuse, such as shaken baby syndrome. (2)
The cause of colic is generally unknown.
Usually it starts around late afternoon or early night time. Colicky babies may be extremely difficult to console.
To assess Colic condition normally Wessel criteria is used by Pediatrician and is called 3s, to refer as colic condition: Inconsolable (very sad and not able to be comforted) crying for 3 hours per day, 3 times a week for at least 3 weeks.
This condition may persist for 3-4 month but may last up to one year in few babies
Nearly or approximately 25% babies meet 3s criteria to diagnose colic. There is no specific treatment to manage colicky condition, mostly treatment are either alternative or conventional.
In newborn babies their digestive system is in developing stage. Secondly till now they have not digested food and their digestives system is in leaning process how to function.
As define by pediatrician the symptom, sign & frequency of Colic. There are various and multiple sign describe by doctors but we listing few of them
1. Baby cries vigorously for long periods, despite efforts to console* 100%
2. Symptoms begin and end abruptly without warning. 92%
3. During episodes; baby arches back, pulls knees to chest, clenches fists, flails arms and legs
4. Baby experiences disrupted sleep patterns 83%
5. Crying begins around the same time each day or night 77%
6. Shows signs of gas such as; abdominal bloating or a hard distended stomach 74%
7. Symptoms begin after meal times 70%
8. Symptoms cease after a bowel movement or passing gas 62%
9. Baby spits up frequently** 46%
-Written by Mahmood Hussain
* Inconsolable crying is part of the Wessel definition of colic. Thus, all colicky infants fit in this criteria.
** The fact that relatively few parents reported excessive spit-up, which is quite common in babies anyway, suggests that reflux is not a factor in most cases of colic.